Electrical Drive Systems
- Series-wound DC motor fed by DC pulse-controlled converter (chopper)
- Electronically commutated motors
- Permanent-magnet servo drive
- Three-phase cage induction motor fed by pulse-controlled converter
- Control methods of pulse-controlled converters for cage induction motor
- Variable speed three-phase induction generator with wound rotor
- Synchronous motor fed by current-source inverter (LCI)
- Stepping motor
Series-wound DC motor fed by DC pulse-controlled converter (chopper)
This experiment shall demonstrate the performance of a series-wound DC motor fed by a chopper. In contrast to an approximately ideal DC supply, the machine is supplied with a DC current that is clearly subject to harmonics.
The following measurements are made for different operating points:
- current ripple,
- mechanical and electrical power,
- motor efficiency.
The values measured are plotted as characteristics (e.g. speed-torque characteristics).
Electronically commutated motors
This experiment focuses on the operation of an EC motor. EC motors are electronically commutated DC motors. The rotor position is determined by a rotor position sensor which is then evaluated by a control electronics. The armature windings are switched on and off via power semiconductors in the control electronics at predefined instants of time.
The experiment is made on a controlled as well as on a non-controlled circuit. For this purpose, a control logic must be developed first. In addition, the variations in time of the motor current are determined for different loads.
Permanent-magnet servo drive
Topic of this laboratory exercise is to investigate the performance of speed- and position-controlled pemanent-magnet servo drives using the example of a throwing limb. By presetting acceleration, speed and distance profiles, small balls of different masses and properties are thrown and caught.
The influence on the control dynamics in dependence of the max. acceleration, traversing speed and deceleration as well as the influence of delays for compensating mechanical transient phenomena and inaccuracies when initializing the rotor sensor can be investigated by experiments.
The possibilities and limits of a servo-controlled drive are clearly shown by presetting different motion profiles and throwing heights.
Three-phase cage induction motor fed by pulse-controlled converter
This experiment deals with a variable speed cage induction motor fed by a pulse-controlled converter, as it is commony used in industry. Different modes of voltage-frequency control can be selected on the power converter. By this means, typical motor characteristics can be invesigated, e.g.
- voltage-frequency characteristics (linear and quadratic function),
- the respective speed-torque characteristics,
- slip compensation.
Variable speed three-phase induction generator with wound rotor
This experiment deals with a variable speed three-phase induction generator whose rotor winding is fed by a converter via slip rings. Depending on the converter design, the induction machine can efficiently be operated within a relatively vast speed range by feeding amplitude- and frequency-variant currents into the rotor circuit.
Using a DC machine as load, different characteristics are determined for engine braking as well as for regenerative braking, and the influence of the converter control on the motor performance is investigated.
The items analyzed and visualized in this experiment are e.g.
operation as cage rotor for comparison,
power flow on rotor and stator side at variable speed and converter supply,
influence of rotor voltages and currents and their frequency on the power flow.
Synchronous motor fed by current-source inverter (LCI)
In this experiment, the performance of a synchronous motor fed by a current-source inverter is investigated. The rotor slip energy is fed into a cascade connection, in order to utilize it as electrical or mechanical energy. The use of a cascade also allows a certain speed control. Converter cascades are mostly used in pump and fan motors to be able to vary their speed.
The experiment is divided into the following parts:
no-load test of three-phase induction motor without cascade,
load test without cascade,
no-load test with cascade,
load test with cascade.
This experiment explains startup and function principle of a stepping motor. For this purpose, a control based on Matlab/Simulink must be developed to operate the motor. The rotor position is determined as a function of time by means of a resolver. The control shall also be suitable for half- and full-step operation.
The following items shall be explained and determined:
detent torque and holding torque.